Surgeries on the heart are one of the most complicated and also important surgeries that can be done by surgeons, ever. The people who study medicine have to be really careful and have to be extremely thorough when they learn how to perform these surgeries. There are a lot of machines that are actually really great at helping surgeons nowadays. Not all heart related problems require surgeries. Sometimes they can actually be addressed by administering normal medicine and even causing some changes to your lifestyle and also by changing some dietary habits. For example, a catheter ablation makes use of energy to make a tiny scar in the heart tissue to make sure that there are no abnormal electrical signals moving through the heart. Coronary angioplasty is known to be a minimally invasive procedure where a stent is used into the narrowed or even blocked coronary artery in order to hold it open properly.
Nonetheless, surgery is actually needed to address some issues like the failure of the heart, a buildup of plaque which actually affects the flow of blood and also issues which affect the blood vessels. There are actually many different kinds of heart surgeries that you should know about, here are a few of them.
- Coronary artery bypass (CABG) is also one of the most common type of heart surgeries that is conducted as the surgeon takes a healthy artery or even a vein from somewhere else in your body and then connects it to supply blood past the blocked artery. This grafted artery or even vein would bypass the entire blocked portion of the artery, which would actually create a new path for the blood to flow properly.
- The repair of the heart valve or even replacement is also a surgery that surgeons will have to do. Surgeons will either repair the valve, or they will probably replace it with an artificial valve or even with a biological valve which is made from the heart tissue of a pig, cow or human heart. The repair option is to actually insert a catheter through the large blood vessel and then guide it to the heart.
- The insertion of a pacemaker is also incredibly common. Medicine is, indeed, the first treatment option when it comes to arrhythmia. This is the condition that makes the heart beat really fast or really slow with a rhythm that is indeed irregular. If the medicine does not work, a surgeon will have to be inserting a pacemaker under the skin of the chest with some wires that actually connect to the chambers of the heart. This device actually uses electrical pulses to control the rhythm of the heart.